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Tuskegee Airmen Monument and Airfield

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218 North Lemacks Street
Walterboro, SC 29488


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Historic SitesAfrican American Heritage

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WWII air combat training facility, POW camp, training site of Tuskegee Airmen

Walterboro Army Air Field was established in 1942 as a sub-base of Columbia Army Air Field. It was a part of the overall network of army air corps training facilities that sprang up across the U.S. during WWII. The base provided advanced air combat training to fighter and bomber groups, hosted the largest camouflage school in the U.S. as well as a 250 person POW camp. In 1944, the air field changed commands and became an advanced combat training base for individual fighters, primarily the black trainees graduating from Tuskegee Army Air Field in Tuskegee, Ala. Over 500 of the famed Tuskegee Airmen trained at Walterboro Army Air Field between 1944 and 1945 including individuals training as replacement pilots for the 332nd Fighter Squadron and the entire 447th Bombardment Group. Racial tension between white soldiers, black pilots and German POWs was rampant throughout the base and nearby town resulting in several racial incidents. The base closed in 1945 and returned to its origins as a local airfield. Most of the original structures have disappeared from the landscape but the airfield is still remembered through crumbling foundations in the woods, the memories of many local residents and the Walterboro Army Air Field Memorial Park and Tuskegee Memorial at the current site of the Lowcountry Regional Airport.